Why do you need Dialysis?
Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that assist to cleanse and filter the blood of toxins, excess fluids, and waste in the form of urine, as well as maintain blood fluid and mineral balance. These activities are no longer performed by kidneys in the event of renal failure, which may be life-threatening if left untreated.
When you get end-stage renal failure, you’ll need dialysis. Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys are unable to carry out normal physiological functions.
Dialysis maintains the equilibrium of your body by:
● Toxins, waste, salt, and excess water are all removed from the body.
● Keeping key molecules like potassium, sodium, and bicarbonate in balance
● Maintaining a healthy blood pressure level
The most common indications that your kidneys need to be repaired:
● In the early stages of kidney disease, we may not notice any symptoms. Renal insufficiency may cause a wide range of symptoms, yet many individuals either misinterpret or dismiss these warning signals.
● It’s possible that you’ll be exhausted, weak, and unable to focus.
● When it comes to removing toxins and wastes from our systems, we know that kidneys are responsible. Renal insufficiency may produce dry and itchy skin because of toxins and fluid retention in the body.
● Urinary incontinence is on the rise.
● The colour of one’s urine changes as a result of renal illness. Foamy pee may be caused by protein in the urine.
● Swelling of the feet and ankles may occur as a result of impaired renal function.
● Protein leak in the urine may be detected early by the presence of puffiness around the eyes.
● When our kidneys aren’t working properly, we have an electrolyte imbalance, which results in muscular cramping all the time.
What are the many kinds of dialysis?
Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are the two types of dialysis.
Hemodialysis is a form of dialysis in which an artificial kidney (referred to as a hemodialyzer) aids in the removal of toxins, water, and excess fluid from the blood. To get access to your blood vessels, the doctor must perform a little surgery in either your leg or arm. Access may also be gained by connecting an artery to a vein under the skin, known as a fistula. If a fistula cannot be formed, the doctor will use a plastic tube to finish the transplant procedure.
At Pushpanjali Hospital, advanced technology is used to do haemodialysis (volumetric, bicarbonate machines). We have 14 cutting-edge equipment [13 in the dialysis unit and one in the critical care unit (ICU)]. The water used for haemodialysis is purified using a cutting-edge reverse osmosis unit. To guarantee excellent water quality, reverse osmosis water is cultured on a regular basis.
Facilities at dialysis chamber include:
● The Dialysis Unit has state-of-the-art Fresenius haemodialysis machines with individual stations as well as other amenities.
● Every patient receives a single-use dialyzer and tubing. This aids in the reduction and prevention of infections. The dialyzers are not reused.
● Imported from Germany are specialised Plex RO (Reverse Osmosis) pipes.
● Only a few places in India have an advanced and state-of-the-art Fresenius RO Plant for superior RO water quality.
● Monitoring through the TDMS (Therapy Data Management System), which allows a doctor to check the data of patients having hemodialysis in real time and give orders to the dialysis crew from anywhere in the globe.
● This comprises arterial and venous pressures, blood pump rotation speed, temperature, and dialysate composition, among other things. The system also calculates and regulates how much fluid is evacuated from the body.
● Each station has its own dialysis couch.
● Each patient is given a smart card that includes their demographic information.
● Patients and machines are monitored and audited on a daily basis.
● Senior physicians and round-the-clock team members provide personalised and individual treatment.
● Dialysis team members get specialised training and practise performing cannulations in the operating room and on dummies.
● Hand hygiene monitoring is monitored by CCTV, and active infection control practices are standardised.
● HBsAg and HCV positive individuals have their own equipment and area.
What can you do to improve your kidney health?
Invisible killers, kidney disease may have a significant impact on your quality of life. Kidney disease may be prevented in a number of ways.
● Maintain a healthy weight by participating in regular physical activity.
Maintaining a healthy weight, lowering blood pressure, and decreasing your chance of developing chronic kidney disease are all made easier with this method. “On the move for kidney health” is a global march that brings together members of the public, celebrities, and professionals to walk, run, and cycle across a public space. What are you waiting for? Come on over – anyway you like! More information may be found on the WKD website’s events page.
● Maintain a balanced diet.
Maintaining a healthy weight, controlling blood pressure, and avoiding diabetes, heart disease, and other diseases linked to Chronic Kidney Disease are all made easier with this method.
Reduce the amount of salt you consume. A daily sodium intake of 5-6 grams of salt is considered healthy. Salt in your diet is included in this. Around a teaspoon’s worth. Limit your consumption of processed and restaurant foods and avoid salting your meals wherever possible to lessen your sodium intake. If you create your own meals from scratch, you’ll be able to better regulate your salt consumption.
● Maintain a healthy blood sugar level by monitoring your levels.
Approximately half of diabetics are unaware that they have the disease. As a result, it is imperative that you do a blood sugar test as part of your annual physical examination. For individuals entering middle age or older, this is particularly critical. Diabetic kidney disease affects around half of those with the disease, although it may be avoided or at least minimised with proper diabetes management. Regular blood and urine tests may help you monitor your kidney health.
● Maintain a healthy blood pressure level by having regular checkups.
People with high blood pressure are unaware that they have the condition. As a result, you should get your blood pressure checked as part of your routine physical examination. For individuals entering middle age or older, this is particularly critical. Your kidneys might be damaged by high blood pressure. Diabetes, high cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease are all connected with an increased risk of stroke. Blood pressure should be kept under control if possible to minimise this danger.
● Be sure to drink plenty of fluids.
Exercise, environment, health problems, pregnancy, and nursing all have a role in determining the appropriate amount of fluid consumption for a person. Typically, a healthy individual in a temperate area consumes 8 cups, or around 2 quarts (litres) of water each day.
When the weather becomes very bad, you’ll want to change this. If you have renal, heart, or liver illness, you may need to modify your fluid consumption. Your doctor may advise you on how much liquids you should drink based on your medical condition.
● Smoking is bad for your health.
The kidneys’ blood flow is slowed by smoking. When the kidneys get less blood, their capacity to operate properly may be impaired. Kidney cancer risk is increased by roughly 50% when a person smokes.
● Do not use over-the-counter anti-inflammatory and painkiller medications on a daily basis
NSAIDS/painkillers like ibuprofen may cause kidney damage if used on a long-term basis, such as over a long period of time.